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Month: November 2018

The State of the Art:  Demographics, meet ARRL

Pat Tice, WAØTDA

Pat, WA0TDA, at HF station during special event

Pat, WA0TDA, at HF station during special event

ARRL has asked the FCC to expand HF privileges for Technician licensees to include limited phone privileges on 75, 40, and 15 meters, plus RTTY and digital mode privileges on 80, 40, 15, and 10 meters.  Here’s why it’s an idea whose time has come.

A visit to a hamfest tells the tale:  Ham radio operators like me (an old dude) have plenty of old dude company.  Oh, sure – there are the ladies and the younger folks, but by and large we are the Boomer generation, and many of us have enjoyed Amateur Radio for decades.  Most of us are definitely NOT new Technician Class ops.

The good news about being in this demographic is that many of us have time to spend on the air or build projects because we are retired.  And by the time we have endured all those years of work and made it to retirement, we mostly are well enough off to afford our radio hobby.  So here we are, Boomers with enough spare change and time to spend it, and we like HF radios.  Is there any down side to this?

Maybe.  Or maybe not. ARRL has been working hard to promote Amateur Radio through traditional media, social media, in public service, and in schools.  But in HF-land our Boomer demographic still prevails, and this means that as the next decade unfolds, there will be some trends to watch.

To understand how Amateur Radio will be affected, we can look at some other interest areas shared by our demographic.  Take large “hog” motorcycles, for example.  The demographic is the same; Boomers with money.  As these motorcyclists age, rides become shorter and less frequent.  Finally the realization dawns that the bike is gathering dust, and (after a brief mourning period) it gets sold.  But Millennials don’t want big bikes.  The market shrinks.  Harley-Davidson sales decline.  The headline in USA Today, “Amid sales drop, Harley-Davidson wants to teach more to ride” (December, 2017) reminds us of the League’s efforts to recruit new hams.

Okay, another interest area is firearms.  Same demographic, and headlines like “Falling Sales Concern Gun Industry – (ABC News, May, 2017).  And what is the remedy?  The report goes on to say, “The gun industry says it’s working hard to attract a new generation of buyers.”  Sounds familiar, right?  It is the same strategy in play for everything from traditional service organizations to industry trade groups and state departments of natural resources – and ham radio.

I’ve enjoyed shooting sports and have motorcycled across the nation, but time does catch up, and we all make practical decisions based on our own circumstances.  Ham radio is still in play for you and me, but things are going to change.  Change is coming to everything from bowling leagues to bicycling clubs and service organizations.  Dealing with it means testing new strategies, and that is what ARRL is doing with its latest petition to expand Tech HF privileges.  Without any change at all, our trajectory is already set, and we can look forward to a steady decline in HF participation.

The future scenario unfolds like this: 

I’m happy with my HF station and use it every day.  My antenna system stretches across the back yard and all is good.  Perhaps I even have a tower and beam for the higher frequencies.  Eventually though, things start to wear out.  A leg of the dipole drops in a storm and needs to be pulled back into place.  The rotor stops turning the beam.  I used to be able to fix those things in an afternoon, but now it’s not so easy to climb the tower, but I can rehang the dipole – for now.

Climbing stairs is getting harder for both me and my wife.  One of us broaches the idea of downsizing to a condo.  I’ll miss having my own antenna farm, but I won’t miss stair climbing, lawn mowing, snow shoveling, and tower climbing.

Do you see where this is going?

Now multiply by the number of Boomers reaching the age – perhaps mid-70s – when all of the same decisions are being mulled at the kitchen table.  Here is my prediction:

  • There will be more used HF equipment on the market as we downsize.
  • More of us will operate HF remote stations (Already happening!)
  • More clubs will follow my local radio club’s lead in providing remote resources for members who cannot have traditional HF stations or who travel south for the winter.
  • HF activity will decline, like motorcycling, bowling, and hunting. The bands already seem “dead” on non-contest weekdays!
  • VHF/UHF repeaters will continue to languish as radio “dead zones” unless they are DMR, Echolink, WIRES, or IRLP-enabled.
  • The HF participation rate among Boomers will continue to decline, even as Tech licensees remain mostly inactive, and many will let their licenses lapse.
  • The “Silent Key” page in QST will continue to grow.

Now, don’t shoot the messenger!  These are demographics, and the changes are inevitable – unless!

…Unless we can engage new licensees in HF operation. 

That is obvious.  We need to tap into an existing pool of mostly inactive hams who find dead repeaters boring and their licenses mostly useless.

Yes, there is some hand-wringing and outrage on social media over this, but remember that ARRL did research this, and no one is in a better position to know the pulse of Amateur Radio than the League.  The objections fall into several categories:

  • “Amateur Radio will be like CB”.   Remember that this petition doesn’t ask for removal of testing requirements.  It proposes more (but still limited) HF privileges for Techs who have already been tested with HF operation in mind via the current question pool structure.
  • “We had to test through multiple levels to get HF phone privileges and they should too!” Seriously?  Nothing has changed in 50 years?  This is the weakest of arguments against virtually anything, since it considers nothing but whether candidates go through the same initiation ritual.  Tradition may be comforting, but in a technical activity like ham radio standards should track the reality of the current situation.
  • “I am dropping my ARRL membership – that’ll show ‘em”. Yikes, this is a bit extreme, especially since the League staff have researched this and come to the conclusion that they have in recommending the petition.  As with any membership organization, it is better to be inside if you want to effect change.  Ironically, when ARRL first promoted the idea of “incentive licensing”, some hotheads reacted exactly the same way.  Some things about human behavior never change, I guess.

Let’s welcome the newcomers to HF phone on frequencies that are unused most days, even when those bands are open.  Let’s work with HF newbies to help them learn the quirks of HF propagation and the best practices of HF operation and digital modes.  Remember, new Techs on the HF bands have roughly the same HF background experience as newly-licensed General Class ops – little to none.  They could all use our help and encouragement.

And thank you, ARRL.

73 – Pat


Split Rock Lighthouse Special Event – W0JH

November 2, 3, 4 2018

For the 14th consecutive year, the Stillwater Amateur Radio Assn. (SARA) will be operating the Remembering the Edmund Fitzgerald from Split Rock Lighthouse Special Event, using the club WØJH callsign.

You can easily work W0JH via remote HF stations W0EQO, W0ZSW, and WA0TDA.

November 10th of this year will be the 43rd anniversary of the sinking of the Edmund Fitzgerald with the loss of her entire 29 man crew. We will be operating from the state park grounds of Split Rock Lighthouse in Minnesota (ARLHS USA-783; Grid Square EN47). The Fitz passed Split Rock Lighthouse on her final voyage.

We anticipate having 2 stations on the air operating SSB primarily ~3.860MHz, 7.260MHz, 14.260MHz, & 21.360MHz + or – depending upon band conditions. Once established, one of the stations will likely remain on 20m due to the expected activity. The second station will likely primarily spend most of the time on either 40m, or 75m, but may may show up on 15m, 17m, or even 10m, depending upon conditions and activity. We will have a 3rd station dedicated to digital operation, which will likely be working PSK.

Due to staffing and access times to our operating site, we anticipate being on the air from ~19:00-23:55 UTC on Nov. 2nd and ~15:00-23:55 UTC on Nov. 3rd & 4th.

Confirmations for valid contacts will be a certificate only, that will be sent via email as a pdf and will be sent to the email address from which your request was made.

Full QSL details can be found by looking up WØJH at qrz dot com or check our website at radioham.org